It was all a mess. I didn’t know what had happened. Somewhere between promising forever and now, it had all fell apart. As I drove in my car to work, I cried for the thousandth time. I was six months pregnant and my husband had decided that he didn’t want to be married any more. Each time I packed my bags and found the courage to leave, at the door I would find some reason to stay; some excuse, some doubt, some hope that things would be exactly as I planned. And then, I would find myself crying in my car with my brain telling my heart the truth.
My heartache was so raw and so deep I had thought several times about quitting my job as a nurse. Night after night, working in the intensive care unit I thought my heart would burst. How can people trust me to take care of their loved ones? I couldn’t even keep my family together; and here I was in the business of trust. People would leave their loved ones with me, their nurse, and expect that I would keep everything together, that when they came back in the morning or the next day, that everything would be as it should. My hands were the ones they expected to heal their families, when my family was broken and falling apart.
I walked on the floor taking a deep breath and putting on the usual mask. “Are you ok?” people would ask. “Yes, yes, I’m fine…just the hormones” I would answer with a weak smile. Their concern would be there in their eyes but it would fade because they wanted to go home to their families and they would begin giving me report.
Tonight was a special night. I was caring for a patient who was a live organ donor. His story was sad, as with most patients who end up being live organ donors. The patient was a prescription drug abuser who had an alcohol addiction, but a family who loved him and protected him. If he were high, they would care for him so he was safe; if he went to get drunk, they would search the bars until they found him and brought him home. Between his wife and his daughters, they had managed to orchestrate their love for him despite his addictions. Ironically, he fell asleep in his lounge chair while watching a movie with his daughter and he silently cardiac arrested. By the time the daughter realized he was really unconscious, he already had irreversible anoxic brain injury. He was my only patient that night.
The first time I walked into the room I was amazed. His wife sat faithfully at his bedside and their youngest daughter, the one who had been present at his arrest, sat on the other with a pile of paper in her lap, intently focused on folding origami birds. There were already hundreds of little origami birds present in the room on the bed and the tables. They were beautiful. I introduced myself to the wife and the daughter and then carefully picked up one of the birds. I gently questioned the daughter. She looked up with pain and loss clearly present in her eyes and told me that there is a Japanese legend that states that the person who folds a thousand origami birds may be granted one wish. I didn’t need her to elaborate as to what that wish was. As I looked at her father lying still in the bed, I knew what she would wish for. The ventilator pumped breaths rhythmically and the I.V. pumps sang their repetitive song, and right then and there I realized that all of us in that room had the same wish: that our families had been perfect and exactly how we had wanted them to be.
I worked more passionately then I had in months. The baby in my belly rolled and kicked throughout the whole night. I felt as if I were alive and awake for the first time in a long time. I loved his family and spent the entire night in their room. They recalled the good times and the bad times. We laughed and we cried together that night in the intensive care unit. They shared with me and I shared a small portion of my pain with them. “Sometimes no matter how hard you try, things will never be the way you want. But there comes a time when you have to make a wish and let go…” his wife said to me. I watched as she glanced over at her daughter and then stroked her husband’s hand.
In the morning, I brought the patient and his family to the OR for the organ recovery. I watched his family say a tearful goodbye to him as he went into the operating room with a thousand origami birds covering him. As I turned to leave the wife touched my shoulder. She hugged me and thanked me. And then in my hand she placed one of the tiny origami birds, she patted my belly and walked away.
That morning when I drove home I stared at my hands at a stoplight. These hands were not devoid of healing and love. I had cared and loved a patient and their family through one of the toughest times of their lives. These hands would carry me through, and there were thousands of patients who needed my healing touch, and most importantly, one tiny baby. I had learned so much from this family. As I looked over at the origami bird on the passenger seat I smiled, for me, it was time to make a wish.
Kassandra August-Marcucio, RN, APRN started her nursing career at Quinnipiac University where she received her bachelor’s degree in 2007. During her time there, she fell in love with acute care nursing and with the encouragement of her boss and nursing professors, decided to apply to Yale University’s Acute Care Nurse Practitioner program. She graduated from Yale University in May of 2012. While attending Yale, Kassandra faced some of the toughest challenges in her life; she became a single mother, struggled to balance work and school and even came close to giving up on her nursing career. But through the tough times and tears, she was reminded time and time again when caring for her patient’s that there was hope. Kassandra is now happily employed as a Urology Nurse Practitioner at the West Haven CT Veteran’s Affairs Hospital. She has also given love a second chance and got remarried last July. Her, her husband, and her son are anxiously awaiting the birth of their baby girl in October. Kassandra is looking forward to a long life full of happiness, healing and nursing.
A Strange Kind of Birth
Up until the time I started to smell burning tissue, like the smell at the dentist when they’re drilling on a tooth, my observation in the operating room resembled a program on the Discovery Channel. For the last two hours, I had been watching a laparoscopic hysterectomy on a video screen above the surgeon. The surgeon wasn’t touching the patient; he was operating the controls of the Da Vinci – a multi-armed robot that was doing the dirty work. The patient, a 46-year old woman, had been unresponsive to various treatments for her fibroids and was now having her uterus removed.
Three short months had passed since I attended my last birth as a doula in cool, temperate, San Francisco. There, I met with clients, explored their feelings and offered validation, my vocabulary peppered with words like energy, chakras and breath. I came to mothers in the middle of the night, embraced them, whispered words of encouragement in their ears as they moaned their way through contractions. Now, as a student nurse, in hot, humid New Haven, I studied scientific fact and lab values, and communicated in the language of anatomy, disease and interventions. Any attempt at intimacy was hampered by the sheer terror of not knowing what the hell I was doing. I was amazed by how recently I traded in the raw, messy warmth of labor and delivery to the precise, chilly sterility of the operating room.
Prior to surgery, the surgical team spent two hours prepping, an activity that I hoped would be educational, but left me feeling awkward and misplaced — dodging cords, equipment and staff, trying not to touch anything sterile, attempting to be helpful, but failing at everything. At some point, I did strike up a hushed conversation with one of the nurses. We were discussing my former college when she asked, “That’s a pretty left school, isn’t it? Do you feel that it prepared you for grad school?” My mind began to race. What did she mean, “left” school? Left like West Coast? Or left like liberal? Either way, I resisted the urge to point to my ID badge. “Yes, my small, West Coast, ambivalent on shoes, but very much pro-ultimate frisbee, liberal arts college got me accepted into Yale,” I wanted to say. Instead, I gave some canned response about how a liberal arts education prepares you for a variety of experiences after college. Does it, though? I wondered. Does it prepare you to stand in a room with a patient you’ve never met and look at her most intimate parts inside and out? Does it prepare you for this?
My thoughts were interrupted by the surgeon announcing that he was done. All that remained was to slice the uterus into smaller pieces and then pull the uterus and the cervix through the vagina. What had previously been an intellectual experience suddenly became a visceral one, my own uterus cramping the way it does at a birth when a mother begins to push. After three hours of watching, waiting, holding space, the time had come: I held my breath as the surgeon made two or three longitudinal cuts, turning the uterus into some sort of soft-bodied sea creature. Then, he instructed the resident to pull.
“Slowly,” he said, “You don’t want it to tear.”
I watched on the video as the uterus made its exit, the cut pieces overlapping, just as a baby’s skull bones fold over one another to ease its passage down the birth canal. At some point, the resident had to start over and the uterus tried to reclaim its former home, the way a baby slides back into its mother between pushes. Pull, pull. Hand over hand. Keep pulling. And then it was out.
“Did you get it?” the surgeon asked.
“I did!” the resident exclaimed.
The focus in the room then shifted to the uterus, the prize in all of this. The surgeon joined the residents in examining the pale, lifeless piece of flesh. “Look at how big it is!” they cooed. Reflexively, I turned my attention to the patient, half expecting to make eye contact, to place a hand on her and send her unspoken words of love, gratitude and affirmation. As I looked over, I remembered that she was asleep — bundled in pads and sterile sheets, cords hanging off and out of her. The ten feet between us may as well have been a continent. I thought about how she would feel when she woke up — tired, sore, happy to be done and glad it went well. My eyes shifted from the patient to the video screen, to the image of the space that once contained her womb — the space that was once so full, now empty.
Audrey Muto will graduate from YSN’s nurse-midwifery program in 2014. After completing her undergraduate degree in Biology, with a minor in Japanese, at Lewis & Clark College in Portland, Oregon, she spent two years teaching English to elementary and junior high school students on a rural island in Japan through the JET (Japan Exchange and Teaching) Programme. Prior to her acceptance at Yale, she worked as a doula, childbirth educator and prenatal yoga instructor near her hometown in the San Francisco Bay Area, California. In addition to her studies, she continues to teach yoga and prenatal yoga here in New Haven.
Melvin began as a knot in my stomach. A knot that had twisted itself into a tangled mess as I drove to clinical that Saturday morning. Twelve hours, I thought. Twelve hours caring for a blind and almost completely deaf “combative ex-marine” with notes that described him as “difficult”, “sour”, and at times “violent”; he was condemned in my mind before I even reached the highway. I must preface what I share with you next by saying that never in my life have I truly been able to substantiate the expression, however trite and worn-out it may be, “don’t judge a book by it’s cover”, or in my case, “don’t judge a man by his medical chart”, until the day I met Melvin.
He had kept me up most of the night, anxiously awaiting our day together; and as I walked onto the unit that morning, overwhelmed by the vulgarities that echoed from a distant room, I knew that he too, must have had a long night. Receiving report from a nurse delighted to be relieved of Melvin duty, I was reminded once again, that he could be quite difficult. And so I entered his room, bracing myself for the verbal abuse, and perhaps a flying bedpan; but instead had to catch my breath at what lay before me. Those angry screams could not possibly have from this man. For this man was nothing more than an empty shell; the remnants of what once was, but had since been lost, shriveled by time, emaciated by disease, defeated by a cancer that had stolen all but his last breath. His eyes open wide showed no sign of recognition, the milky white glaze from years of cataracts staring off into nothingness. “Hello Mr. S” I stammer, but he does not hear. “Mr. S my name is Taylor” I speak louder, leaning in by his side, and still nothing.
By the fourth try I am yelling my name but two inches from his “good ear”, too flustered to remember that I am supposed to be nervous, and this time, he hears me. “I told you stupid nurses to leave me alone, damnit!” he shouts. Breathing deeply to stifle the flare of my own quick temper, I try again. “Mr. S, my name is Taylor, I am a student nurse, we’ve never met before. I’m sorry that you are upset, but I’m here now and I plan to take good care of, ok? ”. I know he has heard me, I can tell by the way his head tilts, slightly forward with a furrowed brow. I watch his chest sink as he sighs. “Oh”, and I can hear the sorry in his voice, “I thought you was someone else”. “It’s just you and me today Melvin. So we have to be good to each other, okay?” He laughs, allowing a smile to escape his lips. “Oh you’re a sassy one, huh?” He laughs again. “Ok ma’am, you be good to me, and I’ll be good to you”.
We get through breakfast and a bath fairly unscathed. Melvin calls me ma’am, and I do my best to keep him laughing as I shout my way past years of mistrust and resentment. Having been pegged as violent and uncooperative, Melvin has received minimal attention, and it shows; taped into underwear two sizes too big, his gown and linens are soiled with blood spots and urine. And so I work, from head to toe, to set things straight. I use my hands to soothe his body, as he shares words to heal his soul. As he speaks, I can see that Melvin is not angry, he is frightened. Frightened of the nurses who poke and prod without taking the time to explain things first. Frightened of the endless needles, endless pain, and mostly, frightened to die here, in this bed, alone. I cannot mend all that has been broken in this man, but I can give him something he has been denied of for some time. I can give him kindness, and warmth, I can give him patience and time; I can give him all that I have in me today, in hopes that it may help carry him through tomorrow.
Melvin is reliving his time in the marines as I apply lotion to his feet; when the oncologist walks in. “Hello Mr. S”, he says quietly. “He can’t hear you” I say, “you’ve got to lean into his right ear and shout”. He looks at me for a moment before repeating himself, slightly louder, though he makes no attempt to move. This goes on for a minute or so before I go to Melvin’s side to announce his visitor. “Hello Doc”, he chirps. I smile at this small triumph and move back to his feet. The doctor looks uncomfortable, but this time he leans in, doing his best to raise his voice, and tells Melvin the prostate cancer he conquered 16 years ago has returned, and has spread to his bones. Just like that. They will need to run more tests before discussing a treatment plan. He is leaving his card for Melvin to call with questions, as if that is even possible. There is no gentle touch, no offering of someone to talk to, not even so much as a quick squeeze of the hand. He is in and out before I have a chance to process what has happened. We sit in silence for some time until Melvin says “Those docs, they always make it seem like it’s your fault”. I put his socks back on and continue rubbing his feet, not knowing what else to do, “Melvin”, I say, “this is not your fault, I am so sorry”. “I’m starving, where’s my damn sandwich?” is all he replies.
When his nurse rushes in just as lunch has arrived, shouting that she will be placing a new IV line for yet another round of antibiotics; it is no surprise to me that she is met with the hostile man she has come to know. After several tries, she is unable to find a vein in his decrepit arm; having been ridden with so many needles, it is covered in bruises. I watch the frustration mount on her face, listening as she shouts for him to hold still, and I can see that Melvin has had enough. He screams at her to leave him alone, to stop sticking him, to please just let him die in peace. I move to stand by his side, feeling helpless, I offer my hand. To my surprise he accepts, pulling me close to his face, pressing my palm firmly against his cheek, he doesn’t let go. After a moment, I ask if it would be okay for the nurse to try one more time. I see by the way his shoulders slump that the fight is gone and he nods. I offer him the piece of cake from the lunch he has yet to eat, feeding it to him as she fishes around on the other side. “Thank you ma’am”, he says, “this is delicious”.
We don’t have a perfect day, Melvin and I. At 87 years old, his memory is not what it once was, and he is quick to lose his temper. He tells me that I should have been a doctor, that nursing is a waste of time; and frequently exclaims that my hands are too damn cold. But Melvin is also kind. He recovers quickly when angry, and thanks me for the smallest of favors. He talks for many hours, about his time in the marines, his two ex wives, and the many regrets that haunt him as he faces the end of his life. When the grief becomes too much to bare, when he can no longer put his sadness into words, and instead lashes out in anger, I offer my hand so that he is not alone. And I hope that he knows, as I give a good squeeze, willing my thoughts to the tips of my fingers, that I care. That he is kind, and good, and deserves to be at peace; and that most importantly, his memory will not be forgotten. Melvin will be here, to remind me should I ever forget, that there is beauty in the resiliency of the human spirit; and that sometimes all we need to get us through, is that one willing hand to guide the way.
Alma is refusing debridement. She’s refusing hospice care. She thinks hospice is akin to suicide. Yesterday the chaplain told her that’s not the case, in God’s eyes. I don’t know what she thinks about that. Maybe she doesn’t trust him like she doesn’t trust the doctors. They tried to explain to her that all they can offer – debridement of her wounds in the OR, dialysis, blood transfusions – won’t really make a difference. But she takes this to mean they’ve given up on her, that they don’t want to help her. Whatever she believes, whatever treatment she accepts or refuses, she has a few months, maybe. She doesn’t eat anymore.
Last night she didn’t look like she had a few months. Her face was pale, green even, her skin paper-thin, dull. I checked on her all night long, peeking in on her, holding my own breath until I saw hers, the uneven rise and fall of her chest. Like checking on a new baby. I parked myself and my computer outside of her door so I could hear her every sigh, every “Dios mio” and “No puedo.”
“Alma,” I would say, “what’s the matter?” She would close her eyes, her brow furrowed and frowning, shrug her plump shoulders, slowly shaking her head back and forth. “Alma, are you in pain?”
Sometimes she would say yes, and I would gratefully give her dilaudid. Most of the time she would say, “No, not so much.”
“Then what’s wrong, Alma?”
I feel panic, because I don’t have anything to give for fear. I don’t know what to do. I want to hold her hand. I touch her, trying to convey what I can’t say. My presence will be something, maybe. She doesn’t respond to my touch. Or when she does, she recoils in pain.
Because she hurts everywhere. I reposition her on the bed, try to make her more comfortable. When we boost her she screams. (The nurse who helps me whispers outside the room, “She smells like death.” Bullshit. I’ve been caring for Alma for months; I know her smell. She smells the same. And death doesn’t have a smell. I think.) I move the remote control to get to her IV to start the blood transfusion, I lay the remote on her thigh, she yelps in pain. She shows me her breast, says, “What is this?” I’ve never seen the beginning stages of calciphylaxis – only the end, the gaping wounds, bone exposed, all raw flesh and pus. I go look at photos on Up-to-Date and, yes, it’s a new area of calciphylaxis. I add it to her skin assessment. She now has twelve documented wounds. These wounds, all over her body – this is what she will die from. This new one hurts just a little now.
The night takes on a rhythm. “Dios mio.” Dilaudid. Blood pressure 79/25. I try a manual BP, with only her right forearm to use, but I hear nothing. Since it’s in hand, lest it be totally useless, I apply the stethoscope to her chest and hear rhonchi. This is new. Zosyn for three hours. BP 135/45. “No puedo.” Boost, cry of pain. BP 85/32. Hang the next unit of blood. “Ay ay ay.” Dilaudid. Sleep, but fitful. 12 breaths per minute. Or 10?
“Alma, what’s wrong?”
“I’m right here Alma, you’re safe.” (Such weak words, and untrue; I’m embarrassed to repeat them now. And presumptuous, to think that my presence would bring comfort!)
BP 155/82. That can’t be right. 79/32. That’s more like it. She awakens, vomiting, Zofran, a wet cloth to her face. Zosyn again, three hours. It’s dawn. She’s moaning. “Alma, what is it?” She just shakes her head.
“Alma, let me help you. What can I do?” The shrug. I pat her arm – pat her arm! – the only part of her I’m confident I won’t hurt. She winces. “I’m sorry, Alma.”
All night I look at her, every bit of her. I still remember. Her fingernails are red, less the one we frantically cleaned with acetone the other day when we couldn’t get an oxygen sat reading higher than 62%. We finally got it on her big toe, right foot. She doesn’t have any toes on her left foot. Her right toenails are also painted red. Her hair has been dyed. I stand there, looking at the root growth, trying to gauge when it was last dyed. A couple inches. It had to have been prior to this most recent admission. She dyes her hair. She paints her nails. What is she like? Was she once proud? Feisty? Throwing her hips around? Or has she always been like this, soft and resigned? I’ve been wishing she would fight for months, but now I see it wouldn’t have mattered.
This is the end of life. It’s not beautiful. It’s not romantic. It’s not peaceful. This is not what we want for her. We want her to have some solace, some comfort, some rest. But this is not altruism that we feel. We don’t want these things for her alone; it’s for us, too. This is painful to witness. Because don’t have tools for this. Sure, we have dilaudid, we have Zofran. We can hang the quilt above her door, give her some small comfort, stop taking vital signs – even the blood pressure cuff hurts her! We can speak in hushed tones, bring her family coffee (if only there were family here), rub shoulders in sympathy, call the chaplain at just the right time. These things we know how to do. But we are not competent in suffering. The doctors want to fix this; they can’t. The nurses want to comfort; we can’t. There are places beyond comfort. All we can do is witness. All night long, night after long night.
Emily Zeno Yeast graduates this summer from Yale’s nurse-midwifery program. In her prior career she worked with addicted, mentally ill, and incarcerated pregnant and parenting mothers where she observed that childbirth can be a powerful and transformative experience for a woman if she is afforded the opportunity to be an active participant in her own health care; it was this observation that drew her to midwifery. While at Yale she began working as a nurse on an inpatient nephrology unit and was surprised and delighted to discover that she also has a deep love for the profession of nursing.
“Multiple myeloma is characterized by the neoplastic proliferation of a single clone of plasma cells producing a monoclonal immunoglobulin. This clone of plasma cells proliferates in the bone marrow and often results in extensive skeletal destruction with osteolytic lesions, osteopenia, and/or pathologic fractures.” -uptodate.com
The sky outside my apartment window is alive with pink and orange clouds. I am at my desk, a textbook splayed open in front of me, notes with similar pink and orange streaks highlighting words like “infection,” “immunocompromised,” and “mortality” scattered in a semi-circle around me. It is the night before an exam and I am trying to learn everything about cancer by bedtime. Frustrated by how little I am retaining, I get up to make some mint tea and slip on the smooth wood floor on my way to the kitchen. Steadying myself, I think of those bright red, non-slip, scratchy socks I made you wear that morning in the hospital. As I wait for the water to boil, I think of you in your darkened hospital room and wonder if your feet are warm.
* * *
When I received my patient assignment the night before, the charge nurse happened to be sitting nearby charting. She snorted when I read it out loud. Great, I think, the day before an exam and I get the difficult patient. As I went through your chart my mood sank lower. You had been in and out of the hospital for the past 6 months, spending as long as 3 months in one stay. I will be up all night putting this picture of your illness together. I learned from your chart that you have multiple myeloma, cancer in your bones. Cancer feels like an illness that beds down in the soft, vulnerable parts of the body. Bones seem impenetrable, too sturdy and solid, fixed and reliable.
When I arrived the next morning you were still sleeping. The night nurse told me you were a 41 year-old male, two days post-op for the removal of nodules on your left lung, and you have a chest tube to drain the fluid. She said you were ambulating around with assistance, but that you refused to wear the socks, the red ones with the little grippy white dots on the bottom. You are a “fall risk,” she told me; your bones are fragile and if you fall on the hard, cold linoleum floor of the hospital they will most likely break. The cancer has weakened you from the inside out.
After report, I gathered a thin towel and a tiny bottle of shampoo for your bath and approached your room. It was still dark but there was a light on over your bed. You were sitting up in bed, reading the breakfast menu.
“Hi, my name is Gillian. I’ll be your student nurse today.”
“That’s nice. Will you help me to the bathroom?” I helped you sit up and supported your weight as you inched to the edge of the bed. I noticed that your feet were bare, that the red socks were balled up in an angry pile at the foot of your bed. I tell you that you need to put them on. “Oh, you too? Come on, it’s just five feet to the bathroom.” You were sullen and looked away as I worked the socks over your large, bony feet. Later, after you had eaten two pieces of dry French toast and a syrupy fruit cup, I set up for your bath. You asked to do it yourself, and your voice was gruff. I fumbled with the basin full of toiletries.
“Okay. Just call me if you need to get out of bed for any reason. I don’t want you to slip.”
“Enough with the falling already!”
For a while there were sounds of splashing and the occasional grunt as I hovered just outside the drawn curtain around your bed. Then suddenly a clatter followed by sharp curses.
“I dropped my cell phone. Can you come get it?”
Your gown was around your waist and your sheets were soaked through. There were soapsuds on your glasses and a washcloth threatening to fall from the edge of the bed. You refused to look at me. Grateful for something to do, I bent down to peer under the bed. But as I reached over to retrieve the cell phone, my foot slipped and I bumped the wheeled bedside tray table, sending it spinning towards the wall. Desperately hoping to stop it so the urinal perched on top wouldn’t fall to the floor, I lunged for the table, knocking over the chest tube canister in the process. I managed to grab the urinal, but everything else — your glasses, the plastic container of ice, the menu, and your books, rained down on top of me. You looked down at me, desperately trying to right the fallen, tangled chest tube with one hand, steadying the table with another, and you laughed.
“First day on the job?” You snorted and cleaned the soap off your glasses, clearly satisfied with my demise. Then you looked at me slyly. “Or were you sent over here to prove to me just how slippery the floor really is?”
“Oh, you’re a funny one.” I gather the fallen items and pull myself back up to standing.
Once the room was straightened out, you showed me how to hang the canister from the side of the bed so it doesn’t fall. You let me wash you, change your sheets, and massage lotion into your skin, loosened from all the weight you’ve lost. You showed me your sketchbook, full of distorted monsters and intricate battle scenes, light and dark fighting for control over the smooth pages. We talked about a show we both saw in New York and you seemed pleased that I’d heard of some of your favorite painters. I learned that your brother had cancer too, but he refused treatment because of something that happened in Vietnam that he never talked about, something to do with hospitals. He died last April, and you think he was more courageous than you, that these constant hospitalizations are killing you faster than the cancer. You told me to study hard in school, that if I can figure out how to give a bed bath without trashing the place, I might make a halfway decent nurse. When I came in to say goodbye, you were napping. You had your socks on.
* * *
The rising shriek of the teakettle brings me back to my chilly apartment. I pour the steaming water over the tea and return to my desk and my notes full of unlearned material. “Oncological emergencies: hypercalcemia, spinal cord compression, superior vena cava syndrome.” As I stare at the book I think of your skin, mottled with freckles and the occasional stray hair, you back whipped with a scar from your recent surgery. Even now, so soon after caring for you, your face is blurred in my mind. But I think of my hands, how they know what it feels like to rub lotion into your back and shoulders. How they now know how to hang a chest tube from a bed so it doesn’t fall and get tangled, how they know how to support you under the armpits and hold your gown closed in the back while you walk around the floor. Those memories are tucked into my bones, into the soft, spongy places I now know exist at our very core.
Gillian Graham graduated summa cum laude from the University of New Hampshire with a degree in English before attending Columbia University for her master’s degree in Narrative Medicine. Before coming to Yale she worked in the field of Narrative Medicine, researching the ways in which the arts and humanities can enhance nursing education, and helping to develop an interprofessional education initiative at the Columbia University Medical Center. She came to Yale as a GEPN in the fall of 2012 to pursue a career as a psychiatric nurse practitioner.